By Zita Evangeline Campbell, Gary Price & Lena Votveit
This article was originally published on The 2015 Global Investigative Journalism Conference site.
Award-winning journalist Giannina Segnini, currently head of the Data Concentration program at Columbia University’s School of Journalism, detailed resources available to reporters working on stories involving the shipping industry.
Segnini’s presentation was part of the workshop Exposing International Wrongdoing with Code and Journalism offered by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) and also featuring Mar Cabra , Rigoberto Carvajal, and Emilia Díaz-Struck.
Segnini previously lead the investigative team at La Nacion in Costa Rica and has done numerous groundbreaking stories.
Her presentation on Friday at the conference focused on tracking movements of shipped products, primarily by container ships.
“It’s useful to remember” she said, “that container ships move 90 percent of the world’s cargo.”
She also reminded attendees on several occasions of the importance of international codes in databases when doing global research.
“Codes are everything,” Segnini said.
Here are a few of the key resources that she recommended.
A free searchable database of data sets with extra services available for a fee. An API (application programming interface) is available. Many of the data sets in Enigma come from U.S. federal, state, and local governments. This site also provides BOLs (Bill of Lading), which are the international customs declaration forms and essential for conducting shipping research. According to Segnini, Enigma is “like the Google of databases.”
This database is one of a number of tools that provides real-time and historical vessel movement data, searchable by a variety of access points. Vessel tracker also provides an API.
This searchable research tool, from the International Maritime Organization, is a treasure chest of publicly accessible information about specific ships, ports, maritime security, and piracy. A free registration is necessary for basic access.
This important database from the United Nations is “a repository of official trade statistics and relevant analytical tables.” Some of the data available in Comtrade dates back to 1962.
SIPRI offers data on the arms trade. The military explanatory database is an example of integrating trade data with a focus on a specific topic. The database consists of two excel spreadsheets that include data back to 1949. There is no charge to access this material.
This professional association offers links to every customs organization in the world.
Free access to trade data from U.S. Customs. This database is searchable by:
- Supplier Name
- Importer Name
- Cargo Description
- Carton Marks
For those interested in seeing the type of data available to researchers when conducting shipping research, a few quick searches of Port Examiner is a must.
Maersk, one of the largest shipping companies in the world, provides databases with real-time shipment tracking and ship schedules.
This provides data about individual containers used in international shipping.